MWH Nourishtra Junior actively spreads awareness about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
The world recognises April 2 as a special opportunity to educate the public about autism and highlight its growing issues. MWH Nourishtra Junior, on World Autism Awareness Day, takes an innitiative to spread awareness about this condition. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that makes communicating and interacting with other people difficult. People having this condition are socially impaired and show restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behaviour.
Autism is a spectrum condition, which means its symptoms vary significantly in character and severity among all affected by it. Some autistic people are able to live a relatively independent life, while others may be severely disabled and require a lifetime of specialist support. Some people with autism may be good at music, computers or art; and others may have trouble with speech, balance or coordination.
Children on the autism spectrum may find it hard to play games or understand rules. As adolescents, they might have trouble in understanding changing trends: for instance, they may insist on wearing the kind of clothes they wore as little children. They may also experience over or under sensitivity to smell, sounds, touch, tastes, light or colours. As adults they may not know how to deal with anxiety and may often get frustrated.
Common signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Impaired social interaction: An infant with ASD may be unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. They may not begin to babble or point-out by the age of 1.
Unresponsive to names: Children with an ASD may fail to speak single words at 16 months or two-word phrases by age 2. They may also fail to respond to their own names.
Lack of observance: They may often avoid eye contact with other people. Doing so, they fail to observe and learn appropriate social behaviour. They may not smile either. They may also have difficulty interpreting what others think or feel, and understanding social cues, such as tone of voice or facial expressions.
Repetitive movements: Many children with an ASD use an unusual language and engage in repetitive movements such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behaviour such as biting or head-banging.
What autistic people need?
These are people with special needs. All they want is empathy, not sympathy. We need to understand that they cannot make sense out of most things we talk. Any kind of sophisticated language such as idioms, puns, nuances, inferences, metaphors, allusions and sarcasm is “!^&#@<:@`%^?/^” to them. When communicating with them, we must use simple language and more of visuals. Following are a few ways that will help us make ASD people more comfortable in their surrounding:
Love them without any condition
Get them to be social
Create a home safety zone
Reward good behaviour
Focus and build on what they can do rather than what they can’t do
Find non-verbal ways to connect and try to have fun in all engagements
Give them enough time to understand and respond to your information
Identify what triggers their meltdowns